Known Race Riot Photographers

One of the most interesting aspects of the Tulsa Race Riot in 1921, as compared to the other riots of the period is how well it was documented photographically.  Part of the task of sorting through the images, as well as addressing the labyrinth of copyright statuses for the images is identifying who took pictures, and what pictures did they take.  It is my hypothesis that the people who took the images were not the people who printed the post cards, but that the shops where the images were developed made the postcards.

Many of the photographers are unknown, and are likely to remain so, although as collections continue to emerge from private collections, it is hoped that more unknown images will resurface, as well as the identities of the people who made the effort to document these events.

Known photographers:
Alden, Richard Champney, 1896-1974.

Richard Alden was a chemist at the Chestnut & Smith Co. in 1921.  He was married to Ethel F.  He later worked for Phillips Petroleum in Bartlesville.
Copyright Status: Photos taken by Richard Alden will enter the public domain on 1 January 2045. Until then the copyright remains with his Estate.
Locations of Photos: The Greenwood Cultural Center and The University of Tulsa, Department of Special Collections, McFarlin Library.

Dudley, Arthur, ?-1924.

Arthur Dudley worked at Central Drug Co. He was married to Lucille. He died 15 March 1924, and was buried at Rose Hill Cemetery. Copyright Status: Photos taken by A. Dudley entered the public domain on 1 Jan 1975. Locations of Photos: Oklahoma State University – Tulsa has a collection of Reeder’s photos in the Ruth Sigler Avery collection.

Hause, Joseph McMinn, 1881-1984.

Joseph Hause was a clerk with Sinclair Oil in 1921. Joe Hause was a Henry Kendall College student and football player in 1913, and served in WWI.
Copyright Status: Photos taken by Joe Hause will enter the public domain on 1 January 2055. Until then the copyright remains with his Estate.
Locations of Photos: The University of Tulsa, Department of Special Collections, McFarlin Library.

Hooker, Jacob Hayes, 1884-1974.

Jacob H. Hooker was an African American minister, as well as running a photography business on Greenwood both before and after the riot. He was born in Mississippi on May 10, 1884 in Mississippi. He married Lorenia (or Lorena) Mahone on May 24 1918 in Creek County. In 1918, his draft registration says “left arm off at shoulder? Otherwise physically able.” 1920 he and his family were living at 22 N. Elgin, which his Studio 119 N. Greenwood. His studio was destroyed in the burning of Greenwood. He may be the African American photographer shown to be taking pictures in some of the other images. In 1922, his studio and residence were at 119 N. Greenwood. In 1930, he and his family were living at 432 Marshall Pl. Sometime after 1930, he left Tulsa and moved to OKC, where he died in 1974. Copyright Status: Photos taken by J.H. Hooker will enter the public domain on 1 January 2045. The Copyright may be held by his niece, Dr. Olivia J. Hooker, and her heirs. Locations of Photos: Tulsa Historical Society has a collection of Hooker’s photos.

Krupnick, Alvin C., c. 1898-1952

Abraham Krupnick was born about 1898 in Missouri, and lived as a child in St. Louis, Mo. He was one of five children. He later changed his name to Alvin C. His brother Lee was also a Tulsa Photographer. Alvin married Ruth in 1922, and they were the parents of three children. He died 8 October 1952 Copyright Status: Many of his riot photos were published in the newspaper, and are now in the Public Domain. Previously unpublished photos taken by A. C. Krupnick will enter the public domain on 1 Jan 2023. Locations of Photos: The NAACP has a collection of Krupnick’s photos. Another collection is in private hands.

Reeder, Dr Charles L., 1864-1926.

Charles Reeder was born 6 July 1862 in Appanoose County, Iowa , the son of Dr. Philander Reeder. Like his father he was a physician. In 1904-1097, he served as Mayor of Tulsa. He died 20 December 1926 in St. Louis, Mo.He is buried in Rose Hill Cemetery, Tulsa. Copyright Status: Photos taken by C. L. Reeder entered the public domain on 1 Jan 1997. He married in 1886, Jessica. Locations of Photos: Oklahoma State University – Tulsa has a collection of Reeder’s photos in the Ruth Sigler Avery collection.

Schmidt, Francis A., 1885-1944.

Francis Albert “Close the Gates of Mercy” Schmidt (December 3, 1885 – September 19, 1944) was football coach at Henry Kendall College from 1915 until 1922 after the College had become the University of Tulsa. He became Head Coach in 1919. After leaving Tulsa, he went onto Arkansas, Texas Christian and Ohio State. At Ohio he won two Big Ten Conference championships and was eventually inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame. Copyright Status:  Photos taken by F. A. Schmidt will enter the public domain on 1 Jan 2015.  Locations of Photos:  The University of Tulsa, Department of Special Collections, McFarlin Library has a collection of Schmidt’s photos.

Swinney, James Sidney, 1879-1949.

James Sidney Swinney, Sr. was born 2 Apr 1879 near Florence County, Texas. In 1904, Swinniey was listed as being in the in the restaurant business.a 1910 Carrizo Springs, Dimmit Co. TX census he was a manager of lumber yard. In 1920 Haskell, Muskogee Co. OK Census he is a bookkeeper. In March, 1921 he stoed for the positions of Judge of the Police Court and Justice of the Peace in Haskell. In 1925 he became engineer for the Sinclair-Prairie Pipeline company. He retired in 1941. He died 16 June 1949 in Pauls Valley, OK. Copyright Status: Photos taken by J. S. Swinney, Sr. will enter the public domain on 1 Jan 2020. Locations of Photos: The University of Tulsa, Department of Special Collections, McFarlin Library has a collection of Swinney’s photos donated by Swinney’s granddaughter, Sarah Blackwood.

Trager Earl A., 1893-1978.

Earl A. Trager (17 Jun 1893 – 21 Feb 1978) was a geologist in the Tulsa area during this period. Copyright Status: Photos taken by E. A. Trager will enter the public domain on 1 Jan 2049. Locations of Photos: The University of Tulsa, Department of Special Collections, McFarlin Library has a collection of Hooker’s photos.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s