More women of the KKK

Concurrent to the W.A.P., as it appeared in Tulsa in October 1922, also on 1 October of 1922, the following article appeared in the New York Times about the Ladies of the Invisible Empire (LOTIE), a different women’s auxiliary that was more ancestral to the eventual Women of the Ku Klux Klan (WKKK). All text after this is quoted from the newspaper article, 1 Oct 1922, p. 23:

Women Klan Members Reveal Family Life

Those who would join Ladies of the Invisible Empire must answer many questions.

Special to the New York Times.

BALTIMORE, Md. Sept. 30.– In a questionnaire sent to the Baltimore women who seek to join the Ladies of the Invisible Empire, the feminine organization modeled after the Ku Klux Klan, are queries concerning many ramifications of the life of the applicant and her family.  Officials of the local organization declare that many Maryland women have answered these questions.

Baltimore’s centre of “female invisibility” is at the home of Alfred Holt, deputy organizer.  At the top of the application blank he issues this declaration:

“I. the undersigned, a true and loyal citizen of the United States of America, being a white woman of sound mind and a believer in the tenets of the Christian religion and the principles of ‘pure Americanism,’ do most respectfully apply for affiliation in the Ladies of the Invisible Empire.

“I guarantee on my honor to conform strictly to all rules and requirements regulating my initiation and the continuance of my membership and at all times a strict and loyal obedience to your constitution and laws of the order. If I prove untrue to my obligations, I will willingly accept as my portion whatever penalty your authority may impose.”

The sum of $10 must accompany this application as a voluntary contribution.

Among the questions the applicant is required to answer are:

“Are you serious and unselfish in seeking membership in this organization?

“Are you past 18 years of age?  Married?  Single? Widowed? Divorced?

“Have you any children?

“What is your religious faith?  Catholic, Jew, Protestant, or Mohammedan?

“With what secret organization is your husband, father, son, or brother affiliated?

“What is the religious faith of your husband?

“Of what church are you now a member?

“Can you keep a secret? Will you do so?

“What are your political affiliations?

“Are you a registered voter?

“Do you owe any allegiance to any foreign nation, Government, Institution, people, or ruler?

“Do you esteem the United States of America, its flag and Constitution above any other nation, flag and Government, and will you ever be loyal in supporting same?

“Can you always be depended on?”

Having answered all these interrogations, the applicant must subscribe to the following:

“I most solemnly assert and affirm that each question above is truthfully answered by me, and in my own handwriting, and below is my signature.”

Women’s Klan in Tulsa

While researching something else this morning, I came across this image, from the Sunday, 15 October 1922 Tulsa Tribune.  As a note, W.A.P. meant White American Protestants according to Women of the Klan: Racism and Gender in the 1920s, by Kathleen M. Blee.  All text after this is quoted from the newspaper article accompanying.

Members of the Tulsa KKK and the WAP at the inaugural meeting, October 1922. -- Tulsa Tribune, 15 October 1922.

Members of the Tulsa KKK and the WAP at the inaugural meeting, October 1922. — Tulsa Tribune, 15 October 1922.

Good Morning Mrs._____; Are You In This Picture?

This is the first photograph ever published of members of the women’s Ku Klux Klan.  It was taken a few days ago at the organization of the Tulsa Chapter of the W. A. P., the Women’s Auxiliary of the Klan.  The robed figures at the left are Klansmen,  The women at the right and in the rear are charter W.A.P. members.   Can you pick out yourself?  What W.A.P. stands for is a secret.

The accompanying picture of the first class of Tulsa women into the W.A.P., the women’s Ku Klux Klan, was brought to The Tribune by a woman who said she was a member.  This is the third class of the kind organized in the United States, it is said, and the first pictures of members of the women’s organization to be published anywhere.

As can be seen in the picture, the W.A.P. has at least the semi-official sanction of the Ku Klux Klan.  Members of the local chapter of the klan are here presenting the American flag to the women, who have just banded together to further the same principles advocated by the invisible empire.  The photograph was taken a few days ago.

The W.A.P., said to be the only women’s organization that has received commendation in the klan national papers at Atlanta, Ga., and Washington, D.C.,was organized at Claremore a few weeks ago.  National headquarters have since been established in Kansas City.

The order claims a membership of 4,000 in Oklahoma.  It is said to have chapters at Claremore, Miami, Tulsa, Vinita, Muskogee, Oklahoma City, Pryor, Wagoner, McAlester, Henryetta, Okmulgee, Haskell, Sapulpa, Bixby, Broken Arrow, Skiatook, Collinsville, Avant, Bigheart, Pawhuska, Pawnee, Stillwater, Perry, Oilton, Drumright, Yale, Cushing, Stroud, Chandler, Guthrie, Edmond, Yukon, El Reno, Kingfisher, Enid, and Ada, in this state,  while others are being organized almost daily.


 

Klan resources at The University of Tulsa

The Department of Special Collections and University Archives at McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa has a few collections of interest to people researching the KKK.  The collection is growing slowly.

  • Ku Klux Klan (KKK) papers, 1924-1936, 1995. Coll No. 1993.001.  Consists of a ledger containing membership records for the Tulsa Klan chapter for the years 1928-1932 and ephemera which includes: pamphlets pertaining to the organization, structure, and rituals of the Klan; typescript and carbon copy typescript of an acceptance speech given by a newly elected Exalted Cyclops [i.e., Chief Officer] for the Klan #2, Realm of Oklahoma (c1936); membership applications; robe and supply requisitions; and mimeograph copies of 11 official Ku Klux Klan documents dating from 1924-1927; sheet music for the song “The Bright Fiery Cross.”

Some of this material is available online.

Other collections do have some Klan materials, although they are currently unprocessed.

  • William O’Brien papers. Coll. No. 2009.052.
  • Barbara Santee archive of Oklahoma women’s reproductive rights and ancillary materials Coll No. 2015.039.

Beno Hall

Although this is not actually about the Race Riot or its immediate aftermath, the presence of the Klan in Tulsa after the riot and looting and burning makes it relevant.  There are two interesting articles on the headquarters of the Tulsa Benevolent Association, as the local Klavern styled itself.  These maybe found at http://thislandpress.com/09/03/2011/beno-hall-tulsas-den-of-terror/ and http://www.tulsagal.net/2010/09/beno-hall-another-dirty-little-secret.html.

To begin, it is unclear at this time when the Tulsa Klan, no. 2, Realm of Oklahoma, Invisible Empire, Knights of the Ku Klux Klan Inc. actually began operating in Tulsa. The Tulsa World declared on July 24, 1921 that there was proof that the Klan was operating in Oklahoma City, and a story on July 29 referred to the “Muskogee Klan, no. 3.” On August 10, there was a public meeting at Convention Hall with Caleb A. Ridley, pastor of the Central Baptist Church of Atlanta and a noted spokesman for the Klan. On October 31, the first open air initiation of the Tulsa Klan was held for either 30 or 300 people.

According to Steve Gerkin writing for This Land (September 1, 2011) The Tulsa Benevolent Association was formed as a holding company for the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan Inc. January 1922. Six months later the TBA spent $60,000 for the land that held the then defunct Tigert Memorial Methodist Church at 501 N. Main.

The article further goes on to say that the land was bought from Centenary Methodist Church, and that the Klavern was built on Tate Brady’s wife Rachael’s land.  Unfortunately, Rachel Brady didn’t have an allotment (although her children did) and they were Cherokee.  501-3 N. Main is on Creek Land, specifically land granted to D. A. Storm by the Creek Nation in 1902.

Location of 503 N. Main on a plat mat with the location of Cherokee allotments.

Location of 503 N. Main on a plat mat with the location of Cherokee allotments.

Tigert Memorial Methodist Church, c1906. Corner of Easton and Main. Image in Special Collections

Tigert Memorial Methodist Church, c1906. Corner of Easton and Main. Image in Special Collections

Tigert’s membership had left sometime in 1920 for the newly built Centenary Methodist Church, at 631 N. Denver, on the southern border of Ruth Brady’s Cherokee tribal allotment, and the northern border of the original “North Tulsa” annexation.

Soon outgrowing the facility, the former Tigert church was razed and what was informally called Beno Hall was built.

1919 Directory showing Tigert Memorial at 503 N. Main.

1919 Directory showing Tigert Memorial at 503 N. Main.

Looking at the Tulsa City Directory over time, we can see that 501 (and 503) N. Main went through these changes.

1907-1921 Tigert Memorial M E Church (in the later years pastor was Rev. J. E. McConnell)

As a note, in 1920, Tigert ceased to be listed in main church directory, but was still listed at the street address. In 1921 Centenary Methodist was listed at being 1160 N Denver and organized in 1907, in 1922 Centenary was at 631 N Denver with the pastor, H.G. Cooke residing at 1160.

1922 Nothing listed at 501 or 503 N. Main.

Tulsa Benevolent Association listing in the 1923 Tulsa Directory.

Tulsa Benevolent Association listing in the 1923 Tulsa Directory.

1923-25. Tulsa Benevolent Assn is listed.

1926-7. TBA/Women of the Ku Klux Klan.

1928-1929 Women of the Ku Klux Klan/Miller E E./Ku Klux Klan.

Please note that E.E. Miller is in the 1928-1932 Klan Register held by Special Collections, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa. He is only listed for 1929, and no address is given.

His residence in the directory is Miller, Elmer E. (Daisy) 503 N Main. In the 1930 directory his residence is at 437c N. Main.

1930-6. The directory shows the address as Temple Baptist Church. (E.E. Miller).

1937. Central Church of the Nazarene

1938. The address changed to 505 N Main. Central Church of the Nazarene

1939. The addresses are listed as vacant.

1940. 501 Dixon Wm Restr, 505 vacant
1941. 501. The Moana nightclub. Chas C Goltry, mgr
1942. 501. The Moana roller skating. Chas C Goltry, mgr
1943. 501. The Moana roller skating. Chas C Goltry, mgr. Barton, Benj.
1944. 501 The Moana Skating Rink.
1946. Vacant
1947-8. 501. American Hardwood co. Lumber

A detail from Construction of Building 600 N. Main showing the north side of the former hall. Beryl Ford #D7271.

A detail from Construction of Building 600 N. Main showing the north side of the former hall. Beryl Ford #D7271.

North up Main, the Eveangelistic Temple in the distance. Cropped from Beryl Ford #A1884

North up Main, the Eveangelistic Temple in the distance. Cropped from Beryl Ford #A1884

1949-76. Evangelistic Temple.
1977-78 listed as vacant.

Simple enough.

The Sanborn maps show the address as being Block 12, Lot 4.

Block 12, Tulsa. Showing the corner of Main and Easton.

Block 12, Tulsa. Showing the corner of Main and Easton.

Block 12, Tulsa. Showing the corner of Main and Easton.

Block 12, Tulsa. Showing the corner of Main and Easton.

Block 12, Tulsa. Showing the corner of Main and Easton.

Block 12, Tulsa. Showing the corner of Main and Easton.

Looking into the County Records, Block 12 Lot 4

We follow this trail.

Block 12 in the Tulsa County Clerks records for 1902-1907.

Block 12 in the Tulsa County Clerks records for 1902-1907.

Creek Nation – D. A. Storm par Lot 3,4. 11-03-02
D.A. Storm er ux – O. M. Ellis, et. al. wd Lot 3,4. 9-30-03
Ellis, Ora M. th – Ezzell, Frank L. E. wd Lot 3,4. 7-12-06

{this is approximately the period that Tigert Memorial Methodist Church was established }

Ezzell, Frank L. E. –Ellis, Ora, et al. mg Lot 3,4. 7-12-06
Duncan, Otto – Ellis, Ora M ½ Lot 3,4. 7-13-06
Ellis Dudley — Ezzell, Frank L. E. rel Lot 3,4. 3-13-07
Ezzell, Frank L.E. – Union Trust Co. mg Lot 3,4. 3-13-07
Union Trust Co. – Ezzell Frank L. E. rel Lot 3,4. 11-15-07

Block 12 in the Tulsa County Clerks records for 1909-1911.

Block 12 in the Tulsa County Clerks records for 1909-1911.

Ezzell, Frank R.E.—Ezzell Franklin M. wd Lot 3,4. [n.d.]
Do. –Ezzell W.B. and L.E. wd Lot 3,4. [n.d.]
Do.—Union Trust Co. mtg Lot 3,4. 2-19-09
Ezzell, F. L. – do mtg Lot 4. [n.d.]
Ezzell Frank – City of Tulsa [assian] Lot 4. 12-15-10
Ezzell, Frank L.E. – Denning Inv Co. mtg Lot 3,4. 2-15-11
Do. – Dunaway, W. E. mtg. Lot 3,4. 2-15-11
Union Trust Co. – Ezzell, Frank L. E. rel Lot 3,4. 2-21-11
Ezzell, Frank L. E. – Hammett A. Miller gwd Lot 3,4. 4-19-11
Hammett A. Miller – Simmons, G. C. gwd Lot 3,4. 9-29-11

Block 12 in the Tulsa County Clerks records for 1912-1918.

Block 12 in the Tulsa County Clerks records for 1912-1918.

Union Trust Co. – Ezzell Frank, L.E. et ux rel/mtg Lot 4. 1-21-13
Ezzell, Frank L.E. – DillingerTA mtg Lot 4. 2-3-13
Ezzell, Frank L.E. et ux – Bardon R.V. mtg Lot 3,4. 6-17-14
Dillinger, TA – Ezzell, Frank L.E. geo Lot 3,4. 6-18-14
Ezzell, Frank L.E. – Bailey Earl D. wd Lot 4. 6-19-14
Do. Et ux – Harrison, M.A. wd Lot 3,4. 8-14-14
Bailey, Earl D. – Short, Ellis. Wd Lot 4. 4-6-15
Denning Invest Co – Ezzell, Frank, L.E. et ux rel/mtg Lot 3,4. 1-31-16
Short, Ellis – Magee, Percival B. wd Lot 4. 1-31-16
Bardon RV – Ezzell, Frank L.E. rel, mtg Lot 3,4. 6-13-16
Harrison, M.A. – Daly , J. J. mtg. Lot 3,4. 6-13-16
Dritch, Abe etal. – Harrison, M.A mtg. Lot 3,4 . 12-1-17
Stekoll, A. et al. – Citizen’s State Bank. Mtg. Lot 4. 1-29-18
McGer, C.R.—Dritch , Abe. Actor Lot 3,4. 1-29-18
Harrison, M.A. – Dritch Abe et al. rel/mtg Lot 3,4. 12-18-18

Block 12 in the Tulsa County Clerks records for 1919-1924.

Block 12 in the Tulsa County Clerks records for 1919-1924.

Bailey, Earle D. et ux — do. GCO Lot 4. 1-30-19
Magee, P. B. et ux – do. GCO Lot 4. 1-30-19
Short Ellis, et ux. – do. GCO Lot 4. 1-30-19
Citizens State Bank – Stekoll, A. et al. rel, mtg Lot 4. 1-31-19
Stekoll, A et ux.—Morrison, Lee wd Lot 3,4. 6-10-19
Harrison, M. A. etux – Dritch, Abe wd Lot 3,4. 6-10-19
Daly, J.J. – Harrison, M.A. rel,mtg Lot 3,4. 6-15-19
Dritch, Abe—Security State Bank mtg Lot 4. 8-21-19
Morrison, Lee—Stekal, R. A. wd Lot 3,4. 10-25-19
Simmons, Jean C.—Standard Sav&Loan mtg. Lot 3,4. 2-9-20
Dunaway, W.E.—Ezzell, Frank L.E. rel, mtg Lot 3,4. 3-3-20
County Court—McLaughlin, H.B. Admin order Lot 3,4. 11-15-20
Security State Bank—Dritch, Abe & wf rel,mtg Lot 3,4. 8-27-21
Dritch, Abe & wf—Security State Bank mtg Lot 3,4. 8-27-21
Simmons, Jean C.—Tulsa Realty Inves & Co. wd Lot 3,4. 10-14-21
Georgia State Loan—Dritch, Abe w+A Stekoll rel,mtg Lot 4. 11-29-21
Dritch, Abe & wf—Security National Bank mtg. Lot 3,4. 3-31-22
Dritch, Abe—do. mtg Lot 3,4. 3-7-23
Do.—A.Freed [conh] Lot 3,4. 1-15-24
Security Natl Bank—Abe Dritch & w rel Lot 3,4. 11-15-24
Do.—do. rel Lot 3,4. 11-15-24
Do.—do. rel Lot 3,4. 11-15-24
Abe Dritch et al—[S.C.] Singer wd Lot 3,4. 11-15-24

Note that the page at this point is damaged. The demolition of the old Church and the construction of the Klavern began in by 1923.

This would suggest that the land at the time of construction was owned Abe Dritch.  An interesting detail, Abe Dritch (1883-1959) is buried in Rose Hill Memorial Park (Plot: Section Jewish (18) L-33 #17).

Block 12 in the Tulsa County Clerks records for 1925-1941.

Block 12 in the Tulsa County Clerks records for 1925-1941.

Standard Savings and Loan – Simmons, Jean W. rel,mtg Lot 3,4. 3-30-25
Tulsa Realty Inves & Co. –Exchange Trust Co. mtg Lot 3,4. 3-30-25
State of Okla. By Cty Treas—Tulsa County. Resale tax deed Lot 4. 3-28-38
State of Okla. By Cty Treas—Tulsa County. Resale tax deed Lot 4. 3-28-38
Tulsa County—Jones, M.K. [repart] sale Lot 4. 11-9-40
Tulsa County—Jones, M.K. county deed Lot 4. 11-9-40
State of Oklahoma—Tulsa County resale deed Lot 3,4. 8-28-40
Tulsa County—Radke, Valentine [repart] sale Lot 3,4. 8-28-40

Block 12 in the Tulsa County Clerks records for 1942-1967.

Block 12 in the Tulsa County Clerks records for 1942-1967.

Jones, M.K. & J.R.—Singer, S.J. gcd Lot 4. 3-5-42
County Com. Tulsa – Radke, Valentine resale deed Lot 3,4. 10-12-42
Groves, W.E. – Radke, Valentine gcd Lot 3,4. 9-23-43
Wilburn, G.G. single– Radke, Valentine mtg Lot 3,4. 7-29-44
Radke, Valentine single—Wilburn, G.G. single wg Lot 3,4. 7-29-44
Do.—McConnell, J.B. assur mtg Lot 3,4. 9-1-44
McConnell, J.B.—Wilburn, G.G. rel Lot 3,4. 2-7-45
County Court—First Natl Bank & L.G. Invests decree Lot 3,4. 2-12-45
Wilburn G. C. & Cassie—State of Okla. w.d. Lot 3,4. 2-8-66
County Court of Tulsa—Singer, Joseph B. decree Lot 3,4. 7-8-66
Singer S.J et al—State of Okla. wd Lot 3,4. 8-31-66
Singer S.J et al—State of Okla. wd Lot 4. 8-31-66
Singer S.J et al—State of Okla. wd Lot 3,4. 10-2-67

 

 

 

Methodology example – 1921 Klan initiation

One of the issues with historical research is being aware that even documentary sources can have a bias. Let’s look at an example of two articles where, although they appear to cover the same event (the 1921 August 31 Klan initiation) they present the events in dramatically different ways.
—–

Tulsa Tribune, Thursday, September 1, 1921
(part of front page was damaged so there are some lacunae in the text)

“[3]00 Klansmen Take Oath at Cross of Fire

[S]ilent Empire Swears in New Members

Like a spectral army, a crowd of [m]en estimated at 1,500 stole out of [Tu]lsa in more than 300 automobiles [la]st night and assembled at a lonely [sp]ot surrounded by overhanging hills [wh]ere Tulsa’s chapter of the Ku [Kl]ux Klan held what is believed to [be] its first initiation.

About 3 o’clock yesterday after[no]on a reporter for The Tribune re-[ce]ived a telephone call. The voice [se]emed to be that of a business man. […] was quick, sharp and to the point. [T]he reporter was informed to be at [th]e corner of Third and Main street [a]t 8 o’clock last night and he would [b]e tipped off to one of the biggest [stor]ies that ever “broke” in Tulsa.

The reporter was inquisitive but [c]ould elicit no further information [ot]her than the assurance that the [pe]rson talking was reliable and the [st]ory worth while.

It lacked two minutes to 8 by the [re]porter’s watch. The theater [cr]owd was bulging in the streets and [th]e stream of automobile traffic [po]uring across the intersection at [Th]ird and Main was growing stead[ily] heavier. A man tapped the re[po]rter in the shoulder.

“Are you The Tribune man?” he [as]ked. Receiving the affirmative re[ply] he said, “Get into my car and I w[il]l drive around to the office. I [ha]ve some big inside stuff on the […]li[…]ation you are interested in [b]ut can’t afford for it to be know [th]at [I g]ave it out.”

Reporter Blindfolded.

They walked around the corner and climbed in a big Cadillac roadster. The reporter noticed that the [cur]tains were up. The car dashed [ra]pidly west and stopped in the [sha]dows Sixth Street and Denver Avenue, when one of the men said “We [are] going to blindfold you and take [you] where you can get a real story. [You] wont’ be harmed but you had [bet]ter keep still. You are at liberty [to] write about all you see on this […]”

The automobile traveled at what [se]emed to be a rather high rate of speed [fo]r a long while. The occupants of [th]e car were silent. Sitting between [t]wo of them on the rear seat, the [re]porter could tell that the car went [up] hill and down hill many times [an]d made a number of turns as it traveled.

Finally it stopped. The car door [op]ened and a few seconds the blindfold was removed. Only the [u]nknown driver was there. He in[s]tructed the reporter to make him[s]elf at home and said he would re[tu]rn later.

The car stood on the brink of a [hi]ll overlooking a little valley sur[ro]unded on all sides by hills. Several [hu]ndred yards away, a strange sight. In the heart [of] the valley [h]undreds of automobiles were as[se]mbled in a great circle, The head[li]ghts of all converged on a spot [wi]thin where nearly 100 men in [th]e long white robes of the invi[si]ble empire stood ghostlike beneath [a] giant tree.

The Fiery Cross

Standing in the glare of the powerful lights their forms were distinctly outlined. The reporter saw the hood and the gown barred with the signs that have come to be known [as] the mark of the Ku Klux Klan. [A] tall man stood directly beneath [th]e tree. Beside him was a giant [fi]ery cross held high by a man in [si]milar garb. Standing near it [w]as a great American flag unfurled. On the outside of the circle of cars were other automobiles at intervals with their lights streaming outward into the darkness. They

(At this point most of the text is too badly damaged to get anything be the last half of each line.)

…ftly on guard. Past
…the spectral figures under
…nd the giant cross that
…e a thing alive as its
…flame leaped and play-
…them. The tall man ad-
…few paces. Rapidly men
…civilian garb and wear…”

You get the point.

Compare this to:

Tulsa Daily World, Friday, September 2, 1921

“Klux Klan initiates

Thirty candidates were initiated into the mysteries of the “invisible empire” at the first open air meeting of the klansmen held in an open field 11 miles south of town on the Broken Arrow road at 9.30 Wednesday night.

The cars containing about three hundred and fifty members of the Ku Klux Klan left Fifth and Cincinnati at 7:30 o’clock. Armed guards stations along the road halted the cars for inspection and a second inspection was had upon arriving at the scene of operations. The cars were parked in a circle with all lights out except those with high powered spotlights which furnished the illumination for the business session of the klansmen.

The proceedings were the same as the previous meetings held in Convention hall. Guns were carried so that the klansmen could be prepared for any emergency that might arise, one of the participants said.”

So, the real question we get from this is – What previous meetings? Clearly more research is required since virtually every academic source has referred to this as the first Klan event in Tulsa.

KKK Roster

(This was originally posted on my Livejournal, but I have moved it here and updated it).

The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library, Department of Special Collections and University Archives has in its collections a roster of the KKK in Tulsa for the years 1928-1932. It is part of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) papers, 1924-1995, bulk 1924-1936. Coll. No. 1993.001.

Since 1993, it has been the Department’s policy has been to not show the original to anyone, but let them use the photocopy, out of concern that it might be damaged.   This roster was, according to legend, one of four, and only covers the declining years of the Tulsa Klan.

In 2011, Special Collections had it digitally transcribed.

Using that transcription I was able to make the following determinations:

In 1928 registered membership was 975 members, consisting of 720 Democrats, 251 Republicans, 3 Independents.

In 1929, membership was 240.

In 1930, membership was 199.

In 1931, 87.

In 1932, 28.

There are 16 memberships with no discernible year.

Conversely, membership in 1921 (August 31, after the riot), the Tulsa Klan enrolled its first 300 members. By 1924, when the Governor declared martial law in Tulsa, there were reputedly upwards of 10,000 members, not including the women’s auxiliary and children’s groups.

Greenwood Scrapbook

Last year, the Department of Special Collections at McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa acquired a deteriorating scrapbook.  This was brought to Special Collections by Lee Roy Chapman. There are photos from as early as 1922 in Greenwood.  They are otherwise unidentified.  They do show some of the rebuilding.

They have now been digitized and can be seen at http://cdm15887.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/search/searchterm/Scrapbooks./mode/exact

If anyone has any idea who these people might be, please let me know.

Small Question

ImagesDoes anyone know where these originals of these images are from.  The top is one of two that has handwritten notes on what businesses were on Greenwood before they were burned.  It was taken probably a few days after the events based on the tidiness of the streets, and the electrical lines having been removed.  The relative intact walls and the presence of the burnt out car indicate it’s not very long after though.

The bottom picture is of Mt Zion church before it was burned so probably 1920-early 21.